The 10 worst things about the Forest Stewardship Council

Here’s a handy guide to 10 of the worst things about FSC. We look forward to reading your suggested additions in the comments.

In 2006, when we started FSC-Watch, we wrote that, “whilst the structural problems within the FSC system have been known for many years, the formal mechanisms of governance and control, including the elected Board, the General Assembly, and the Complaints Procedures have been highly ineffective in addressing these problems.”

Unfortunately, that still remains true today.

1. The certifying bodies (assessors) are paid by the companies wanting to get certified. It is in the assessors’ interest not to get a reputation for being too “difficult”, otherwise they will not be hired in future. This is a clear conflict of interest.

2. FSC certifies industrial tree plantations. Vast areas of monocultures have been certified as “well managed”, despite the impacts on the environment and local communities.

3. If a company doesn’t comply with the Principles and Criteria, assessors can issue corrective action requests. So at the time a consumer is buying the certified product, the certified company may still be in the process of complying.

4. The mixed sources label is a joke. No one (possibly excluding a handful of employees at FSC) knows what this actually means. And controlled (sic) wood is a sham.

5. FSC is certifying carbon offset projects. Carbon trading will not address climate change, because it allows pollution elsewhere to continue. Some of FSC’s most egregious certifications involved carbon projects in Uganda.

6. The certifying bodies have a stranglehold over the FSC International Secretariat.

7. FSC certifies the logging of primary forests.

8. The complaints mechanism doesn’t work.

9. FSC does not address the underlying causes of deforestation. If a destructive logging company does not want to get certified (Rimbunan Hijau, for example), there is absolutely nothing that FSC can do. Rather than attempting to address over-consumption, FSC encourages consumption, provided the product carries an FSC label.

10. Despite increasing criticism (including in recent years from Greenpeace), several key NGO members leaving (FERN, FoE EWNI, Robin Wood, SSNC etc.), FSC has stubbornly refused to address the structural problems that the organisation faces.



  1. The FSC structures and certification bodies should be composed of properly represented independent environmental organisations and local community leaders from areas that the timber is sourced from, Until then the certification is irrelevant and in fact making false claims.

  2. In Ireland the situation is that coillte (state forest company) are certified to a standard for SFM written and endorsed by people co opted on to the steering committee. This standard has principle 3 left out which means that coillte can keep their certification despite the fact that coillte are selling off their plantations for unsustainable activities like fracking and wind farms. Because principle 3 is left out coillte maintain that consultation with local communities is not necessary before they sell off land for what local communities consider unsustainable developments.

  3. Considering the failure of FSC to protect forests, do you have any tips for those who need to buy timber but want to have the least negative effect? Some guidance given the circumstances would be welcome…if possible.

  4. FSC is a con job. Forests are more valuable left intact – provide potable water, soil stabilisation, genetic resources, wildlife preservation, etc. Industrial logging destroys these

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